The American Community Survey (ACS) is part of the Decennial Census Program. The ACS is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable intercensal data on demographic, housing, socioeconomic, and financial characteristics of their populations.
The first round of data from the 2010 Census were released on December 21, 2010. The second round of data for the state of Texas was released on February 17, 2011. Use the interactive 2010 Census Data tool to see the latest updates.
The American FactFinder is another great resource for demographic information. American FactFinder provides quick access to population data for cities/towns, counties, zip codes, states, and many other geographies, and includes multiple data sources. American FactFinder includes data from the 2010 Census, Census 2000, American Community Survey, the Economic Census, and Population Estimates.
The Census is mandated in Article 1, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution. The mandate requires the administration of a census of the population every 10 years. The Census was meant to be a tool to ensure that the U.S. House of Representatives provided equal representation to all persons. In addition to Congressional representation, Census data are also used to allocate federal grant funds to states and sometimes state funds to counties and places.
The Census Bureau’s Denver Regional Office is responsible for all data collection, data dissemination, and geographic operations for Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Oklahoma, Texas, Utah, and Wyoming.